Semeru volcano is a popular destination for tourists in Indonesia, and even to the most novice hikers now, but all of us should know the history of Semeru volcano eruption. Each explosion harms the surrounding forests, villages, and even took life. Aside from the explosion, hikers will also be always faced with dangers from bad weather, and lately, woods fire. If you wish to go to Semeru, it can be beneficial to study the eruption history of the mountain and pay attention to any news related to the mountain’s activity.
Semeru Volcano eruption has occurred many times, and also the first one was listed in the years 1818, which continued to complete eight eruptions in the same year. However, the big ones were launched in the years 1967. During this year, the mount erupted in six places, releasing lava stream as long as 6.5 km. More big eruptions happened only a couple of decades later, in 1961 and 1963, producing ash column as large as 3,000 meters and 8 kilometers of the lava stream.
The last three Eruptions before the 90s occurred in 1977, 1978, and 1982. The 1977 eruption has been massive, damaging rice fields as broad as 110 hectares in Sumberurip Village and destroying several homes and 2 bridges. The explosion also created pyroclastic cloud formation and over 6 million square meters of residue.
The year 1990 marked 2 of the most massive Semeru eruptions in the 20th century since they created new crater named Jonggring Soloko. Another gigantic explosion occurred in February 1994, when the mount created pyroclastic cloud along with the long flow of lava. This eruption killed nine individuals; seven by the sexy cloud, and two from the lava. The pyroclastic cloud creation was as thick as 6.8 meters, and damaged villages in several areas.
In the 21st century, the mountain erupted many times in December 2002, producing 12 kilometers of pyroclastic lava and cloud stream. However, the eruption didn’t kill anyone because the cloud did not pass on the villages. Pyroclastic cloud has been listed among the biggest killers when Semeru erupted. The mount is still very much busy until today and often shows actions, and passengers are advised to pay attention to the information and information about the mount actions.
While Semeru’s volcanic activity is worth celebrating and paying attention to, you can find other dangerous facets from this mountain. Last 2015, for example, there was a massive forest fire in Mount Semeru which trapped as many as 30 hikers, and several were even reported missing. The beginning of 2016 was marked with a terrible storm in Semeru, trapping as many as 600 hikers and causing the hiking trail to be closed January 4th.
Like many other active volcanoes, Semeru volcano eruption is something that all hikers must pay Focus on, so be sure that you read news about the mountain and its actions Before deciding to explore this active volcano in East Java.
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